How To Purchase Treasury Bill In Kenya
Treasury bills are a secure, short-term investment, offering you returns after a relatively short commitment of funds. Treasury bill rates in Kenya are attractive, providing an excellent investment opportunity that is readily available, as they are auctioned each week.
In this article Keweb. co tries to answer the question by publishing the ways one can Purchase Treasury Bill in Kenya
Below are the most helpful ways to Purchase Treasury Bills in Kenya
1. Open a CDS Account
The first step to investing in Treasury bills is to open a CDS account with the Central Bank. It is free to open these accounts, which is how the Central Bank keeps track of who holds which government securities.
Once you have your CDS account, which can be opened for an individual or a corporate body, you can invest in multiple Treasury bills and bonds, so you only need to complete this step the first time you’re investing.
To open a CDS account, you need to hold a bank account with a Kenyan commercial bank.
You can collect a mandate card from the Central Bank or any of its branches, and must fill it out in neat block letters. You’ll need to provide contact information and information about your commercial bank account. You’ll also need to have two signatories from your commercial bank sign the card to verify the information you’ve provided.
When submitting your mandate card, you also need to submit a passport-sized photograph of yourself, which has to be certified and stamped by a representative from your commercial bank.
2. Decide How You Want to Invest
Treasury bills are offered every week, with maturities of 91 days, 182 days, and 364 days. This means that when you are ready to invest, you will be able to choose from one of those options.
Find the Treasury bills on offer this week HERE.
You should decide on a maturity length based on the recent interest rates, which can give you an idea of what to expect in upcoming auctions, and based on how long you can commit your funds.
The minimum face value purchase for Treasury bills is Kshs. 100,000, and you must invest in denominations of Kshs. 50,000. Because Treasury bills are sold at a discount, this face value amount is what you will receive at the end of the 91, 182, or 364-day maturity. Your initial investment will be less than the face value.
3. Complete and Submit an Application Form
When you are ready to invest, you need to complete a Treasury bill application form.
This includes information about the Treasury bill you want to purchase, like the issue number, the maturity period you want, and the face value amount you want to receive upon maturity.
It also includes information about yourself, including your name, telephone number, CDS account number, and whether the funds you are investing are coming from a local or offshore source.
On the application form, you have two options for selecting a rate, which determines how much you will pay for the bill and, therefore, what your return will be when the bill matures. You should select either the Interest/Competitive Rate or the Non-Competitive/Average Rate.
Investors choose the Interest/Competitive Rate bid on the Treasury bills by submitting interest rates they would like to pay.
The Central Bank then decides what bids it will accept and determines a cutoff. Investors who submitted interest rates above that cutoff do not receive Treasury bills from that auction.
Investors who choose the Non-Competitive/Average Rate are guaranteed to receive Treasury bills from the auction, but their interest rate is a weighted average of the accepted bids from the investors who entered Interest/Competitive rates. While they are guaranteed to receive a bill, the maximum face value for Non-Competitive/Average Rate applications is Kshs. 20 million.
The final section on the application form is the Rollover Instructions. To easily facilitate re-investment, investors with maturing bills and bonds can use their returns to purchase further government securities.
You can find a sample Treasury Bill Application Form HERE.
You must submit your application form to the Central Bank’s head office or one of its branches by 2pm on Thursday for 364, 182 and 91 day bills.
4. Get the Auction Results
The Central Bank’s Auction Management Committee (AMC) meets at 4 pm on auction days, and after considering all received bids, determines the cut-off rate and the successful weighted average of the accepted bids.
The results from the auction are published, through Treasury Mobile Direct (TMD), Twitter and in our statistics section on the CBK website. While investors will typically receive Treasury bills in the amount they applied for, the Central Bank can issue bills for a lower amount.
Following the auction, investors need to call or visit the Central Bank or its branches to determine if their applications were successful and to determine how much they owe for their Treasury bills.
If you have submitted an application, it is extremely important that you contact the Central Bank to determine what your payment will be, as you will need to make that payment by 2 pm on the following Monday or, if the Monday is a public holiday, the following Tuesday.
The payment period for an auction typically closes on the following Monday at 2 pm. Investors can submit their payments, in the amounts specified when they contact the Central Bank, through cash or banker’s cheques for amounts under Kshs. 1 million and through a KEPSS transfer for larger amounts.
Successful applicants who fail to submit payments within the payment period can be barred from future investment in government securities.
6. Maturity Proceeds:
At the end of the 91-, 182- or 364-day period, the face value amount of the bill will be remitted into the commercial bank account indicated on the CDS account.
Alternatively, An Investor may choose to roll over their securities into a new forthcoming issue and in this case, they have to complete an application form giving rollover instructions and submit it to the Central Bank before the closure of the period of sale for that bill.
The maturity date of the maturing security (investment) and the value date of the new Treasury bill MUST match for rollover instruction to be successful. The Bank, therefore, does not remit maturing proceeds into the investor’s bank account but rather sends only refund amounts generated from the new investment.
How much is a Treasury bill in Kenya?
If you’d like to purchase a Treasury bill, you must invest a minimum of Ksh 100,000 which must be invested in denominations of Ksh 50,000.